The tradition of Bonfire Night dates back to 1605. At the night of November 5 a coup attempt failed and King James I survived it. Guy Fawkes, a member of the gunpowder plot, was arrested while guarding explosives at the House of the Lords. People celebrating the survival of the King lit bonfires around London. And months later the introduction of the Observance of 5th November Act installed an annual public day of thanksgiving.
For further information about the history of Guy Fawkes & Bonfire Night, please, visit: Guy Hawks & Bonfire Night